Skin Lesion Classification Based on Convolutional Neural Networks
Melanoma causes the majority of skin cancer deaths. The population level of melanoma has increased over the past 30 years. It kills around 9.320 people in the US every year. Melanoma can often be found early, when it is most likely to be cured. Medical diagnoses using digital imaging with machine learning methods have become popular because of their ability to recognize patterns in digital images. Image diagnosis accuracy allows disease cured at an early stage. This paper proposes a simulation that can be used for early detection of skin cancer that can help dermatologists to distinguish melanomas from other pigmented lesions on the skin. Some researchers have developed a system using machine learning algorithms used to classify skin lesions from dermoscopy images of human skin. In this study, we proposed Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to our model. CNN is very efficient for image processing because feature extractors can be optimized, applied to each feature image position. The results of skin lesion classification of benign nevi and melanoma based on CNN models produces high accuracy (area under the receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve (AUC) is 92.59 %, sensitivity is 89.47%, specificity is 100.0%, precision is 100 % and F1 score is 94.44 %).